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Endoscopy is a process which allow doctors or medical specialists to look inside of your body using an instrument known as endoscope ( scope for short ), To some extent. The scopes generally carry a tiny camera which is attached to the tiny, Thin and long tube. The medical professionals move it very carefully and delicately through a passageway inside your body in order to have a look inside an organ. These scopes can sometimes be used for surgeries too.

Types of Endoscopy


Arthroscopy is a surgical technique / process which is beneficial in diagnosing and treating all the problems related to knee joints. In this technique, a doctor / surgeon will make a small slit and insert a tiny camera, which is known to be as arthroscope, inside the knee. This easily enables the doctor to have a look inside the joint. The doctor can then further conveniently look into the problem that the knee is facing and accordingly treat it by just using a small instrument within the arthroscope.
Torn meniscus / misaligned patella (a knee) can be diagnosed through arthroscopy. There are minimal risks of this process as well as, the perspective of patients is mostly positive towards it.


Bronchoscopy is a surgical process / technique which is effective in examining the airways of the body. The technique makes the use of either of the instruments :
  • A flexible bronchoscope : This type of a instrument is more common and can easily be used in an office setting just after administering relaxing medication.
  • A rigid bronchoscope : This type of a instrument is used when there a bleeding in the lungs as well as, if any large object is obstructing the airway. It is performed in hospitals and setting under the anesthesia.
  • A lung disease, Tumor, Chronic cough and an infection can be diagnosed through this process. The technique can also be used in detecting the source of pulmonary bleeding as well as, In identifying the foreign bodies in young bodies.


    Colonoscopy is a type of surgical process in which a medical professional or a doctor look for a disease in your intestine ( particularly on the colon ). They will use an instrument called colonoscope, Which is a thin and a flexible tube that has a camera and a light attached to its end.
    The doctor might also take a tissue samples for biopsy or remove abnormal tissues, like polyps.
    It can be helpful for the doctor in looking for any kind of signs of a cancer or any other disease, Exploring the cause of unnatural change in the bowel habits, Evaluating the symptoms of abdominal bleeding or pain as well as, In finding reasons for unexplained weight loss chronic constipation or diarrhea.


    During this process doctor or a surgeon insert this tube through the urethra of the patient and into the bladder in order to see the inside of the bladder. Further, The magnified images from the camera are displayed on the screen, Where the doctor can visualize them. It is a thin tube with a light and a camera attached to its end.

    This process can be used to diagnose blood in the urine, An overactive bladder, Frequent urinary tract infections, Pelvic pain and ladder tumors / stones or cancer.
    The doctor can also use this procedure to find out :
  • Blockages
  • Noncancerous growths
  • Enlarged prostate glands
  • As well as, Problems that are being faced by uterus
  • Enteroscopy:

    Enteroscopy is a surgical technique that helps the doctor in figuring out and treat the problems faced by digestive system. During the process, the doctor inserts a flexible and thin tube along with an attached camera inside your body. The scope is known as endoscope.

    The doctor might use scissors or forceps in order to remove a tissue sample for testing / analyzing.
    There are two ( 2 ) types of enteroscopy :
  • Upper: In this, The endoscope is inserted in mouth.
  • Lower: In this, The endoscope is inserted into the rectum.
  • Enteroscopy can be recommended by doctor if :

  • A high blood cell count
  • A high blood cell count
  • Blocked bowel passages
  • Tumors in small intestine
  • Unexplained severe diarrhea
  • Unexplained malnutrition
  • Intestinal damage from radiation treatment
  • Abnormal X-Ray results.
  • Hysteroscopy:

    Hysteroscopy is a surgical process during which the doctor puts a tool known as speculum inside of the vagina in order to visualize and dilate the cervix. Then a tube with a light along with the camera known as hysteroscope, Is inserted through the cervix to see and take pictures inside of the cervix.
    The hysteroscopy can be done in doctor’s office with local or regional anesthesia.

    It can be done in order to find the following :

  • To aid in removing ab intrauterine device ( UID )
  • For visual confirmation of another test result
  • To discover any malformation of the uterus
  • To look for the cause of an atypical or excessively heavy pelvic or period pain
  • Prior to a D&C procedure
  • In conjunction with a laparoscopic procedure
  • Laparoscopy :

    A laparoscopy is mostly used to recognize and accordingly diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic joint. It’s normally performed when noninvasive methods are not able to figure out the diagnosis.

    Abdominal issues can also be found out by some imaging techniques like :

  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • Ultrasound
  • It can be used to detect the following :

  • Fluid in abdominal cavity
  • The effectiveness of certain treatments
  • The degree to which a particular cancer has progressed
  • Liver disease
  • An abdominal mass or tumor
  • Laryngoscopy :

    The laryngoscopy is a type of an exam that gives the doctor a close up look of your throat and larynx. The specialist who is know to be an ENT ( ear, nose, throat ) doctor would be performing this test with its patient. The doctor would place a small viewing instrument into your throat, Known as the laryngoscope into the mouth.

    It can be used to learn about many issues related to the throat :

  • Hoarseness
  • Bad breath
  • Persistent earache
  • Bloody cough
  • Throat pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Mass or growth in the throat
  • Mediastinoscopy :

    Mediastiniscopy with biopsy is a small surgical procedure that can collect the samples lymph nodes. The surgeon takes the sample out of / from the chest.
    A surgeon puts a small instrument along with a light known as mediastinoscope through the cut in your throat. They further, run it under the breastplate and move it into the area between the lungs. The patient would be given a general anesthetic during the start of the process.

    Mediastiniscopy would be recommended to you by the doctors only for to see :

  • If a cancer in the lung has spread to the lymph nodes
  • Identify the infections
  • Check for other lymphatic cancers
  • Sigmoidoscopy :

    Sigmoidoscopy is a surgical procedure which can ultimately help the doctor to examine the entire colon ( colon helps the body absorb the nutrients from the food you eat as well as, The water that you drink ). Sigmoidoscopy is also known as a flexible sigmoidoscopy. It is a process that enable a doctor to look inside of a sigmoid colon just by using a flexible tube using a light attached to it.

    This procedure is used to detect the following :

  • Abnormal cells
  • Cancer
  • Ulcers
  • Polyps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Undefined weigh loss
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Changes in the bowel habits
  • Pleuroscopy :

    Pleuroscopy is a medical process in which a small cut in made in between the ribs to put in the scope known as pleuroscope, Into the pleural cavity.
    It can help the doctor in diagnosing health problems related to the heart and the intestinal diseases.
    It can also be used in treatments like orthopedic surgeries, Implants and injections.

    EGD Test ( Esophagogastroduodenoscopy ) :

    EGD test is performed in order to look at the lining of stomach, Esophagus and duodenum. In this process, An endoscope is passed down to the throat and along the length of the esophagus.

    This process can be performed to diagnose / find the following problems :

  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Vomiting the blood
  • Persistent nausea
  • Black or tarry tools
  • Chronic / severe heart burn
  • Regurgitating food
  • Undefined anemia
  • Pain or difficulty while swallowing
  • A feeling of fullness even after eating less than usual
  • A sense of feel that the food is lodged behind the breastbone
  • Ureteroscopy :

    Ureteroscopy is a surgical procedure which is further used to find a kidney stone as well as the, Stones located in the ureter with the help of a scope known as the ureteroscope. The scope is passed through the urethra bladder an then goes to the ureter in order to point out where the stone is located.